Mathematical Modeling for Studying Microbial Processes – Some Examples
Keywords:Microbial Kinetics, Free and Immobilized Cells, Mathematical Modeling, Cell Detachment, Parameter Evaluation
Mathematical modeling may have different purposes in chemical and biochemical engineering sciences. One of them is to confirm or to reject kinetic models for certain processes, or to evaluate the importance of some transport phenomena on the net chemical or biochemical reaction rate. In the present paper different microbial processes are considered and modeled for evaluation of kinetic constants for batch and continuous processes accomplished by free and immobilized microbial cells. The practical examples are from the field of wastewater treatment and biosynthesis of products, like enzymes, lactic acid, gluconic acid, etc. By the aid of mathematical modeling the kinetics and the type of inhibition are specified for microbial wastewater denitrification and biodegradation of halogenated hydrocarbons. The importance of free and immobilized cells and their separate contribution to the overall microbial process is also evaluated for some fermentation processes: gluconic acid production, dichloroethane biodegradation, lactic acid fermentation and monochloroacetic acid biodegradation.